Are “floating quotations” to be avoided in academic writing?

Asked by: Kristen Webster

What are floating quotations?

Floating quotations are quotations which seem to have been thrown into a. paragraph randomly, without any explanation.

Can you use quotes in academic writing?

In academic writing, you need to use quotation marks when you quote a source. This includes quotes from published works and primary data such as interviews. The exception is when you use a block quote, which should be set off and indented without quotation marks.

How do you avoid floating quotes?


Always need to create leaden material in the form of either a lead-in phrase. Or elite in sentence in your own words to introduce a quotation from a source a leaden phrase will normally need to be

Should you use direct quotes in academic writing?

Reading around your subject will also help you understand how academics in your field write. Direct quotes are useful for defining or describing specific concepts, whereas paraphrasing or summarising information from other sources shows that you understand the content and general idea.

How can a writer avoid dangling quotations?

There are several ways to do this:

  1. Name the logical performer of the action as the subject of the main clause: …
  2. Change the phrase that dangles into a complete clause by naming the performer of the action within that clause: …
  3. Combine the phrase and the main clause into one clause:


How do you avoid freestanding quotes?

Avoid introducing quotations with a colon. The use of a colon to introduce a quotation is appropriate only when the words that follow the colon are truly momentous. Instead, try to incorporate part of the quote into a sentence of your own.

Why is quoting important in academic writing?

Quoting is an important technique used to include information from outside sources in academic writing. When using quotations, it is important that you also cite the original reference that you have taken the quotation from, as your citations provide your reader with a map of the research that you have done.

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What are the 3 rules for using quotations?

Quotation Marks

  • Rule 1. Use double quotation marks to set off a direct (word-for-word) quotation. …
  • Rule 2a. Always capitalize the first word in a complete quotation, even midsentence. …
  • Rule 2b. Do not capitalize quoted material that continues a sentence. …
  • Rule 3a. …
  • Rule 3b. …
  • Rule 3c. …
  • Rule 4. …
  • Rule 5a.

Can you use quotes in a research paper?

A research paper can be made stronger through the use of quotations. You may use quotes when you need to cite a key piece of primary source material, strengthen your argument through another writer’s work, or highlight a term of art.

How much quotation is acceptable in an academic essay?

Don’t use too many direct quotes in your writing (e.g. 2-3 long quotes and 4-5 short quotes is enough in a 2000 word essay).

When should you use direct quotations in your writing?

Use direct quotations rather than paraphrasing:

  1. when reproducing an exact definition (see Section 6.22 of the Publication Manual),
  2. when an author has said something memorably or succinctly, or.
  3. when you want to respond to exact wording (e.g., something someone said).


What do you understand by direct quotation in academic writing?

A direct quotation is when you quote an academic source or reference word for word in your essay, using quotation marks and a reference (an in-text reference or footnote) to indicate that the words belong to another author and where you found them.

What is indirect quotation in academic writing?

An indirect quote (or indirect quotation) is the idea or fact taken from an outside source and used in a second piece of writing. The student uses his own words, but the idea or facts comes from the original source.

Are direct quotations The only thing you need to reference?

Not all evidence needs to be presented in the form of direct quotation. Often, you can convey information more efficiently and integrate it more smoothly into your own writing by paraphrasing, rather than using direct quotation.

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What would be a reason for using a direct quote in a research paper?

When to Use a Direct Quote



You should use direct quotes when: The meaning of the original statement will be lost if you reword it. The original statement uses especially strong or vivid language. You are quoting an original term or phrase.

How are quoting and paraphrasing done in writing research papers?

Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source. They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words.

When paraphrasing a source you do not have to use quotations?

When you use your own words to convey information from an original source, you are paraphrasing. While paraphrases do not require quotation marks, they do require citations. Be sure to change both the words and word order of the original source in order to avoid plagiarism.

Can you quote too much in a research paper?

Too many quotes give you less scope to highlight your own views and can make the paper less personal. A common tactic is using more quotes to reach the word limit, but professors may penalize students who quote excessively. One view is that quotations should not occupy more than 20 per cent of your paper.

Can I use quotes in a literature review?

It is highly preferred that you use your own words to describe someone else’s work, findings, etc. Although paraphrasing is preferred, you can directly quote from an author as long as you include the author’s name, the date of publication, and the page number of the quotation.

How often should you quote in a research paper?

You must cite the source every time you incorporate research, words, ideas, data, or information that is not your own (2). While you are synthesizing and often summarizing many pieces of information, you must cite any concept that is not your own.

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When should you use a colon to introduce a quotation?

A colon should always be used to introduce a quotation after an independent clause. An independent clause contains a subject and a predicate. It could function as a complete sentence if removed from its place in the paragraph.

Do you need quotations after a colon?

Commas and periods always go inside the quotation marks in American English; dashes, colons, and semicolons almost always go outside the quotation marks; question marks and exclamation marks sometimes go inside, sometimes stay outside.

Which situation requires you to use a colon between the text introducing a direct quote and the quote itself?

(Rule 1) Use a colon if the introduction is an independent clause. You should opt for a colon if the introduction is an independent clause (i.e., a clause that could stand alone as a sentence), and you should start the quotation with a capital letter.

Can you introduce a quote with a colon MLA?

No punctuation is needed when the quotation is integrated into the syntax of your prose: Nabokov writes that life is “a brief crack of light between two eternities of darkness.” See the MLA Handbook 1.3. 2 on using a colon to introduce block quotations.

Should you put a colon before a quote?

Writers often ask whether they should use a comma, a colon, or nothing when introducing a quotation. Strictly speaking, you should only use a colon before a quotation when the introduction is an independent clause or the quotation itself is a complete sentence.

Can you use a colon to introduce speech?

Use a colon to introduce direct speech or a quotation: He stood up and said loudly: “Ladies and Gentlemen, please be seated.” John whispered in my ear: “Have you seen Andrea?” As Confucius once wrote: “When words lose their meaning, people lose their freedom.”