Asked by: Nathan Bass
Can authorship be changed after publication?
Typically, journal editors do not encourage changes to authorship, particulary after a manuscript has been processed. When an authorship dispute arises after a paper has been submitted/accepted for publication, journals require all the authors involved to give consent for this change.
What are the general rules for authorship in a publication?
The current version recommends that authorship be based on meeting the following four criteria:
- Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND.
- Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND.
What is the meaning of ghost authorship?
GHOST AUTHORSHIP. Ghost authors are those who participate in research, data analysis, and/or writing of a manuscript but are not named or disclosed in the author byline or acknowledgments.
What is authorship misconduct?
Author fraud in the form of the listing of a person as an author of a journal article or contribution in which the ‘author’ did not personally participate, or one in which a vested—financial—or other interest is served.
Can you remove an author from a paper?
It is unethical to add or remove an author once you have submitted your manuscript. Any changes to authorship should be made only with the approval of all the co-authors. If your co-authors are aware of this, you can tell the editor the reason why you removed the fifth co-author.
Can I edit a published article?
Once your paper got publish then you won’t be able to make any changes. You can only make changes during the proof reading…
What is publication misconduct?
Publication misconduct includes plagiarism, fabrication, falsification, inappropriate authorship, duplicate submission/multiple submissions, overlapping publication, and salami publication.
How is authorship order determined?
The most common way authors are listed is by relative contribution. The author who most substantially worked on the draft article and the underlying research becomes the first author. The others are ranked in descending order of contribution.
Is Ghost authorship unethical?
in the world of academic studies in general and the field of research in particular, ghostwriting is also considered to be a form of plagiarism, unethical behavior which could even go as far as to cause health problems for the population, with corresponding legal repercussions.
What is coercion authorship?
“Coercive authorship” has been defined as authorship conferred to individuals in response to their exertion of seniority or supervisory status over subordinates and junior investigators (11, 29; see also 6, 33, 56).
Why should a researcher avoid honorary authorship?
Although both can be used for valid reasons, they are often used for foul purposes. Providing guest or honorary authorship just to try to make a paper more prestigious or legitimate undermines the work that has gone into the research, and could damage the findings in the long run.
What is honorary authorship?
Honorary authorship refers to those who are named as authors merely because they hold senior positions within the service or facility where the research occurred, and may have helped secure funding.
Is Ghost authorship and publication misconduct?
Both honorary and ghost authorship are issues of ethical concern within scholarly research publication as this kind of unethical practice was observed in around 18% of six medical journals.
What is surrogate authorship?
As a literary technique, an author surrogate (also called an author avatar) is a fictional character based on the author. The author surrogate may be disguised, with a different name, or the author surrogate may be quite close to the author, with the same name.
Can authors publish the same content in multiple papers?
Authors should not submit the same manuscript, in the same or different languages, simultaneously to more than one journal.
What is overlapping publication?
Publication overlap—the presentation of redundant ideas or data in multiple papers by the same authors—is a practice that warrants serious discussion.
What is considered a duplicate publication?
Duplicate (or redundant) publication occurs when an author reuses substantial parts of their own published work without providing the appropriate references. This can range from publishing an identical paper in multiple journals, to only adding a small amount of new data to a previously published paper.
What is redundancy in publication?
Redundant publication occurs when multiple papers are written without reference in the text, and share the same text, data or results.
What is violation of publication ethics?
Violation of publication ethics is a global problem which includes duplicate submission, multiple submissions, plagiarism, gift authorship, fake affiliation, ghost authorship, pressured authorship, salami publication and fraud (fabrication and falsification)[2,3] but excludes the honest errors committed by the authors.
What is the difference between the redundant publication and duplicate publication?
ICMJE’s guidelines (http://www.icmje.org/#over) include both terms, but the section for authors’ attention is entitled “redundant publication.” When a notice is published with articles listed in PubMed, the term is “duplicate publication.”
Why is redundant publication a problem?
First, redundant publication can bias the results of systematic reviews using meta-analysis. Second, multiple publication wastes resources. Third, since academic credit is based on the number of publications, redundant publication may give an unfair advantage to the authors.
What is meant by redundant publication in research?
Redundant publication (also described as ‘salami publishing’): this refers to the situation that one study is split into several parts and submitted to two or more journals. Or the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification.
What is salami slicing in research?
In essence, salami slicing refers to splitting of data derived from a single research idea into multiple smaller “publishable” units or “slices.” This practice is neither new nor entirely culpable.