Chicago- Paraphrasing a whole page from Author into 1 paragraph- what is the citation?

Asked by: Phillip Amundson

You just write your paragraph, put a superscripted number or whatever reference method you’re using at the end, and give the usual information about the source you drew this information from in a footnote or endnote. A citation does not have to be, and very often is not, an exact quote.

How do you cite a paraphrased whole paragraph?

When paraphrasing or summarising using one source over several sentences or even a whole paragraph, cite the source in the first sentence. There is no need to cite the work again in this paragraph provided it is clear that this is the only source being paraphrased.

How do you cite a whole paragraph in Chicago style?

Quotation over 100 words

  1. Start a new paragraph.
  2. Enter text as a free-standing block of text.
  3. Indent text on left margin by one half inch.
  4. Double space.
  5. Place the reference with page number(s) at the end of the quote after punctuation.
  6. Do not use quotation marks.

Do I have to cite after every sentence when paraphrasing a whole paragraph?

No. The citation should appear only after the final sentence of the paraphrase. If, however, it will be unclear to your reader where your source’s idea begins, include the author of the source in your prose rather than in a parenthetical citation.

Can you use one in-text citation for a whole paragraph?

Answer. To paraphrase correctly: Sum up the main idea(s) of the author’s argument using your own words and sentence structure. Simply including one citation at the end of a paragraph is NOT APA compliant.

Do I have to cite every sentence Chicago?

Not necessarily, but if you have taken the sentence from anybody’s work, then u have to give proper citation. Citations can come in between the text, at the beginning of text or at the end of text.

How do you cite a paragraph from the same source?

You can alternate this with putting the in-text cite in parentheses at the end of other sentences or the paragraph. Try to make it clear in each following sentence if it is still coming from the same source, using phrases like “According to”, “They also state…”, “That article concludes…”.

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How do you cite paraphrasing in Chicago style?

When paraphrasing, you must cite the original source. Page numbers should be given, in order to assist in locating the relevant passages within the source material, unless you are referring to the ideas of a whole work in general (see example below).

How do you cite a paraphrase?

When paraphrasing, you must still acknowledge where you got the idea from by including a parenthetical citation. When citing paraphrased information, APA requires you to include the author and date. It is also recommended (but not required) that you include the page number.

Can you use one footnote for an entire paragraph?

Number of Notes

You must also explain any potential ambiguities about which source refers to what information within the paragraph. You should NEVER use one footnote to refer to material in more than a single paragraph of text .

How many in-text citations should a paragraph be?

How many in-text citations should I have? A good rule to follow, is to have about two sources per paragraph. This means that each source will be cited more than once throughout your paper.

Where do you put a citation in a paragraph?

If you are paraphrasing from one source throughout a paragraph, don’t worry about putting a citation after every sentence. Putting a citation at the end of the paragraph is fine (there should be at least one citation at the end of each paragraph if the material is paraphrased).

How do you cite an author twice in the same paragraph?

Citing a source multiple times in one paragraph

Instead, introduce the author with a full in-text citation at the beginning of the paragraph and then, again, at the end. For the body of the paragraph, you can refer to the author by name or pronoun.

How do I cite a source multiple times within the same paragraph Chicago?

If you consecutively cite the same source two or more times in a note (complete or shortened), you may use the word “Ibid” instead. Ibid is short for the Latin ibidem, which means “in the same place”. If you’re referencing the same source but different page, follow ‘Ibid’ with a comma and the new page number(s).

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How do you cite the same author multiple times?

In the Works Cited (Per the MLA Handbook (9th edition), p. 221: To cite two or more works by the same author, give the name in the first entry only. Thereafter, in place of the name, type three hyphens, followed by a period and the title. The three hyphens stand for exactly the same name as in the preceding entry.

How do you cite the same page twice?

How do I cite the same source many times?

  1. Use a shortened form of the citation. Let’s say you wrote a footnote (or endnote) for this book after you quoted from page 32: …
  2. Cite the page number in the text. …
  3. Use an abbreviation. …
  4. Use ibid.

How often do I need to cite a source in the same paragraph?

Including just one citation at the end of a paragraph is not sufficient unless the last sentence is the only information in the paragraph that came from the cited source. Cite sources often and correctly throughout a paragraph in order to avoid unintentional plagiarism.

How do you cite multiple works by the same author in Chicago style?

If there are multiple works by the same author, alphabetize them by title. If there are four or more authors of a work, use the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in the note, but list all of the authors in the bibliography entry.

How do you cite multiple sources in one sentence Chicago author-date?

Citing more than one publication in one citation

If you need to cite more than one publication within one in-text citation, list all the sources alphabetically separating each citation with a semicolon.

How do you cite multiple pages in-text Chicago?

Short quotations

If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and page number for the reference (preceded by “p.” for a single page and “pp.” for a span of multiple pages, with the page numbers separated by an en dash).

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How do you cite an author of the year and a page?

In author-date style, an in-text citation consists of the author’s name, the publication year, and (if relevant) a page number. Each citation must correspond to an entry in the reference list at the end of your paper, where you give full details of the source. McGuire, Ian. 2016.

How do you cite sources with the same author and year in Chicago?

(Doniger 1980a, 134) [Two works by same author, same year.] (Doniger 1980b, 30-31) [Two works by same author, same year.] (Doniger 1999, 92; 2017, 29) [Citing additional work by same author, with page numbers.] (Doniger 1999, 92; Cowlishaw and Dunbar 2000, 43) [Citing additional work by another author(s).]

Does Chicago style have in-text citations?

The Chicago style, when referring to a source of information within the text of a document, in its simplest form, gives a short citation consisting of the name of the author (or authors) and the date of publication. The short references within the text are given wholly or partly in round brackets.

What is in-text citation example?

Using In-text Citation

APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number.

How do you cite within a paper?

For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).

What are the 2 types of citations?

There are two types of citations.

  • In-text citations appear throughout your paper at the end of a sentence you are citing. …
  • Works cited page (MLA) or reference list (APA) citations give all of the information your reader would need to find your source.