Confusing author guidelines?

Asked by: Giovanny Anh

What are author’s guidelines?

It is a condition of publication that authors make the primary data, materials (such as statistical tools, protocols, software) and code publicly available. As a minimum, sufficient information and data are required to allow others to replicate all study findings reported in the article.

What is inappropriate authorship?

Inappropriate authorship involves both, undue credit to a non-contributor and no credit to a true contributor. Many examples of both types of authorship issues have been documented.

What are 3 types of Contributorship?


  • Intellectual (ideas, writing)
  • Practical (conducting research, data analysis)
  • Financial (funds, experimental material)

What is violation of publication ethics?

Violation of publication ethics is a global problem which includes duplicate submission, multiple submissions, plagiarism, gift authorship, fake affiliation, ghost authorship, pressured authorship, salami publication and fraud (fabrication and falsification)[2,3] but excludes the honest errors committed by the authors.

What are the four criteria that must be met to be credited as an author?

The ICMJE recommends that an author should meet all four of the following criteria:”Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work,””Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content,” ”Final …

Who should be corresponding author?

The corresponding author is typically a senior researcher or academic, such as a senior professor or a principal investigator (PI), with considerable publishing knowledge and experience. For this reason, they are usually nominated to the role by the rest of the authors in the group.

What is unethical authorship?

Unethical authorship refers to a kind of academic misconduct that unjustly names a person to be an author, removes his/her name from the study, or replaces his/her name with the name of other authors who have made little or no contribution to the research or writing of a manuscript.

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What is overlapping publication?

Publication overlap—the presentation of redundant ideas or data in multiple papers by the same authors—is a practice that warrants serious discussion.

What does ghost authorship mean?

GHOST AUTHORSHIP. Ghost authors are those who participate in research, data analysis, and/or writing of a manuscript but are not named or disclosed in the author byline or acknowledgments.

How do you identify publication misconduct?

In general, reasonable citation was deemed when the number of overlapping words for a paper with the literature does not exceed 200. If a significant amount of overlapping text (e.g., an overlap >5% or a similarity>50%) is found, we will immediately verify if the manuscript is associated with publication misconduct.

What is publication misconduct?

Any unethical behavior relating to the publishing is called publishing misconduct. Publication misconduct makes all the efforts, time and money spent on research in vane and leads to detrimental effects with a high possibility of not repairable damages in the research world.

What are different types of publication ethics?

Publication ethics

  • Data fabrication and falsification. Data fabrication means the researcher did not actually do the study, but made up data. …
  • Plagiarism. …
  • Multiple submissions. …
  • Redundant publications (or ‘salami’ publications) …
  • COPE. …
  • ICMJE. …
  • Plagiarism detection.

What ethical responsibilities do authors have?

Writers have an ethical responsibility to readers. They must treat readers how they themselves want to be treated. This means providing an honest representation of facts, opinions, beliefs and research. Readers assume authors are the originators of written works, unless stated otherwise.

Why ethical issues are important in publication?

Ethical issues are much more important in medical research and publication as they directly affect the suffering humanity. They are important during the execution and reporting of a research, reviewing an article, and for journal editors.

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Why do we need publication ethics?

Ethical standards for publication exist to ensure high-quality scientific publications, public trust in scientific findings, and that people receive credit for their ideas.

Can a journal blacklist an author?

The journal and publisher refrained from any further sanctions, such as blacklisting authors or charging the Article Processing Fee for a peer-reviewed and accepted (but not published) manuscript. The publisher has also discontinued its use of any formal blacklist.

What ethics must publishers adhere to?


  • The avoidance of the risk of plagiarism and respect for intellectual property;
  • Respect for the rights of human subjects in research;
  • The identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct;
  • The identification of and dealing with manipulations of citations;

How can we publish a research ethically?

Publishing ethics guidelines

  1. Declare to your chosen journal that your manuscript is not published elsewhere.
  2. Declare any conflicts of interest.
  3. Check all co-authors meet criteria for authorship and ensure appropriate acknowledgements made in the manuscript.
  4. Include appropriate funding statements in the manuscript.

What are legal issues in research?

Te issues related to the researcher include avoiding bias, prejudice, avoiding any fraud, authorship consent, copyright issues, and protection of the sponsors. A scientific research has no place for personal biases and prejudices. The researcher can introduce bias at any stage of the research.

How do you identify a predatory journal?

6 Ways to Spot a Predatory Journal

  1. Always check the website thoroughly. …
  2. Check if the journal is a member of DOAJ, COPE, OASPA or STM. …
  3. Check the journal’s contact information. …
  4. Research the editorial board. …
  5. Take a look at their peer review process and publication timelines. …
  6. Read through past issues of the journal.
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What is non discrimination in research?


Avoid discrimination against colleagues or students on the basis of sex, race, ethnicity, or other factors that are not related to their scientific competence and integrity.

What are the 7 principles of ethics in research?

In practice, these ethical principles mean that as a researcher, you need to: (a) obtain informed consent from potential research participants; (b) minimise the risk of harm to participants; (c) protect their anonymity and confidentiality; (d) avoid using deceptive practices; and (e) give participants the right to …

What are the five ethics of research?

Five principles for research ethics

  • Discuss intellectual property frankly. …
  • Be conscious of multiple roles. …
  • Follow informed-consent rules. …
  • Respect confidentiality and privacy. …
  • Tap into ethics resources.

What happens if a researcher violates a code of ethics?

Researchers found guilty of misconduct can lose federal funding, be restricted to supervised research or lose their job, so thorough investigation of an allegation is vital.

What is the most common form of research misconduct?


Plagiarism is, perhaps, the most common form of research misconduct. Researchers must be aware to cite all sources and take careful notes. Using or representing the work of others as your own work constitutes plagiarism, even if committed unintentionally.

What a researcher should not do when conducting a research are?

And the Don’ts:

  1. Do not misrepresent yourself. …
  2. Don’t include anything that doesn’t answer the questions. …
  3. Don’t lengthen your paper unnecessarily. …
  4. Don’t reveal incomplete or absurd reasons for doing the research.
  5. Don’t exceed the recommended word limits. …
  6. Don’t make too many generalizations. …
  7. Don’t write in a vacuum.