Dash and space usage for dialogue interruptions, stuttering, starting over?

Asked by: Catherine Olson

What dash do you use for stuttering?

An ellipsis is the correct way to show a character trying to relate what he or she is saying if s/he is stammering.

How do you write stuttering in dialogue?

How to Write Stuttering

  1. Here’s how you do it: write the first sound, and then repeat it one or more times, separating the sounds with a hyphen.
  2. Example: He c-c-collected silly t-ties.
  3. Example: I don’t think Holden Caulfield is a ph-phony.
  4. Example: She dr-dr-dreaded the dance party.
  5. Example: The cat ate the can-n-nary.

How do you show dialogue interruptions?

To show an interruption of the spoken words, include an em dash inside the quotation marks, at the point where the dialogue is interrupted. “I knew you’d drop it.”
Related posts:

  1. Even More Punctuation in Dialogue—A Reader’s Question.
  2. Punctuation in Dialogue.
  3. Dialogue—The Speech of Fiction.

What is dash used for?

A dash (—) is a punctuation mark used to set off an idea within a sentence and may be used alone or in pairs. Dashes interrupt a thought in a more dramatic way than a phrase enclosed in commas, but less theatrically than parentheses.

What is a hyphen vs dash?

A hyphen joins two or more words together while a dash separates words into parenthetical statements. The two are sometimes confused because they look so similar, but their usage is different. Hyphens are not separated by spaces, while a dash has a space on either side.

What is the difference between en and em dashes?

The shorter en dash (–) is used to mark ranges and with the meaning “to” in phrases like “Dover–Calais crossing.” The longer em dash (—) is used to separate extra information or mark a break in a sentence.

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What causes stuttering?

Researchers currently believe that stuttering is caused by a combination of factors, including genetics, language development, environment, as well as brain structure and function[1]. Working together, these factors can influence the speech of a person who stutters.

What are the different types of stuttering?

The 3 types of stuttering are developmental stuttering, neurogenic stuttering, and psychogenic stuttering. The exact cause of stuttering is unknown.

How do you write dialogue?

How to Format Dialogue in a Story

  1. Use Quotation Marks to Indicate Spoken Word. …
  2. Dialogue Tags Stay Outside the Quotation Marks. …
  3. Use a Separate Sentence for Actions That Happen Before or After the Dialogue. …
  4. Use Single Quotes When Quoting Something Within the Dialogue. …
  5. Use a New Paragraph to Indicate a New Speaker.

What are the 3 uses of the dash?

Dashes are used to separate groups of words, not to separate parts of words like a hyphen does. (learn more about the difference between a dash and a hyphen here). There are three forms of dashes: em, en, and the double hyphen. The most common types of dashes are the en dash (–) and the em dash (—).

How do you use a dash to interrupt?

Use an em dash (the longer dash symbol) to indicate an interruption or an abrupt change in thought or to insert supplemental information. If the interruption or insertion comes in the middle of a sentence, add a closing dash to signal the end of the interruption.

What are the 4 uses of dashes?

Dashes

  • To set off material for emphasis. Think of dashes as the opposite of parentheses. …
  • To indicate sentence introductions or conclusions. …
  • To mark “bonus phrases.” Phrases that add information or clarify but are not necessary to the meaning of a sentence are ordinarily set off with commas. …
  • To break up dialogue.
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What is an example of dash?

Dashes replace otherwise mandatory punctuation, such as the commas after Iowa and 2020 in the following examples: Without dash: The man from Ames, Iowa, arrived. With dash: The man—he was from Ames, Iowa—arrived. Without dash: The May 1, 2020, edition of the Ames Sentinel arrived in June.

What is an example of a hyphen?

Use a hyphen to join two or more words that stand for a single adjective (describing word) before a noun. Examples: chocolate-covered donuts. well-known doctor.

How do you use a dash in a sentence?

Use dashes to mark the beginning and end of a series, which might otherwise get confused, with the rest of the sentence: Example: The three female characters—the wife, the nun, and the jockey—are the incarnation of excellence. Dashes are also used to mark the interruption of a sentence in dialogue: Example: “Help!