How to cite several testimonies from the same House Bill in Apa?

Asked by: John Blackwell

How do you cite a testimony in APA?

Reference List: Title of testimony, xxx Cong. (Year) (testimony of Testifier Name). URL. Parenthetical Citation: (Title of testimony, Year)

How do you cite multiple references from the same source APA?

When citing multiple works parenthetically, place the citations in alphabetical order, separating them with semicolons. Arrange two or more works by the same authors by year of publication. Place citations with no date first. Then, order works with dates in chronological order.

How do you cite multiple works by the same author APA?

When your parenthetical citation includes two or more works, order them the same way they appear in the reference list (viz., alphabetically), separated by a semi-colon. If you cite multiple works by the same author in the same parenthetical citation, give the author’s name only once and follow with dates.

How do you cite the same source consecutively?

When you use the same source for consecutive citations, you may use “ibid.” (italicized, and followed by a period) for every consecutive citation of that source. Remember to format the first parenthetical citation as usual; you may use ibid thereafter (until you cite a different work.)

How do you cite a House bill in APA?

Citing a Federal Bill

Include the bill title (if relevant), the abbreviated name of the house (H.R. or S.) and number of the bill, the number of the Congress, and the year of publication. When the URL is available, include it at the end of the reference list entry.

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How do you cite a government testimony?

REFERENCE LIST ENTRY. Title of Hearing, Number of Congress Cong. Page (Year) (testimony of Name of witness).

Can you cite multiple sources in one sentence APA?

If multiple sources are cited within the narrative of a sentence, they can appear in any order. Beltran (2014), Randall (2016, 2017), and Holden and Daughtery (2015) examined… See pp.

How do you cite a secondary source in APA?

To cite a secondary source:

  1. Provide a reference list entry for the secondary source you are citing.
  2. In the text, identify the primary source and then write “as cited in” the secondary source that you used.
  3. If the year of publication is known for the primary source, also include it in the text.

Do I have to cite the same source multiple times APA?

Appropriate level of citation It is considered overcitation to repeat the same citation in every sentence when the source and topic have not changed.

How do you use ibid in APA?

Repeating a Citation (Do NOT use ibid.)

When repeating a citation, show the entire citation; do not, for example, include only a page number (the abbreviation “ibid.” is not used in APA Style). Instead, use the following guidelines: Include the author(s) and year for every parenthetical in-text citation.

How do you cite the same source footnote twice?

If you consecutively cite the same source two or more times in a note (complete or shortened), you may use the word “Ibid” instead. Ibid is short for the Latin ibidem, which means “in the same place”. If you’re referencing the same source but different page, follow ‘Ibid’ with a comma and the new page number(s).

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How do you cite a repeated footnote?

Use of ibid. “Ibid.” (the abbreviation for “ibidem”, meaning “in the same place”) refers to the work cited in the preceding footnote or to the preceding work within the same footnote. The term should not be used when the preceding footnote includes more than one source.

How many times do you need to cite the same source in a paragraph?

@Boblee: You should only cite it as often as is needed for your reader to clearly understand when you are drawing upon a source. When you are paraphrasing a source, as APA encourages, you only have to cite the source once, so long as it would be clear to your reader that you are still referring to the same source.

Do you have to cite every sentence from same source?

According to APA, if multiple consecutive sentences are using information from the same source, you should cite the source after the first sentence if the source and topic do not change.

How do you in-text cite the same author twice in APA?

To cite two works by the same author and the same year, differentiate the two works with small lowercase letters. For example, use in-text citations like (Smith, 2019a, p. 78) and (Smith, 2019b, p.

How do you cite two sources with the same author and year?

In the Works Cited (Per the MLA Handbook (8th edition), p. 113: To cite two or more works by the same author, give the name in the first entry only. Thereafter, in place of the name, type three hyphens, followed by a period and the title. The three hyphens stand for exactly the same name as in the preceding entry.

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When an author has written two publications in the same year and you list both publications in your reference list which is the correct format in APA Style?

Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year

If two works have the same publication date, organize them in the reference list alphabetically by the title of the article or chapter.

When the same author is referenced for two different works one of which is co authored by another person which work is listed first?

Multiple-author works

If the first author is the same, but subsequent authors are different, order the references based on the second author’s last name. If the second author is the same, then order on the third author, and so on. One-author works come before multiple-author works.