How to include figures and images in body text?

Asked by: Detra Wilson

How do you incorporate figures in text?

When integrating references to figures and tables within your text, follow these guidelines:

  1. Number figures and tables consecutively in the text, beginning with the number 1. …
  2. Capitalize the “t” in “table” and the “f” in “figure” when you refer to a specific table or figure created in your text.

How do you mention tables and figures in text?

All figures and tables must be mentioned in the text (a “callout”) by their number. Do not refer to the table/figure using either “the table above” or “the figure below.” Assign table/figure # in the order as it appears, numbered consecutively, in your paper – not the figure # assigned to it in its original resource.

Do you put figures before or after text?

All figures and tables should be first referred to in the text and then appear as close as possible to their first mention, generally after the paragraph where they are cited or on the following page. All figures and tables should appear in the order of their numbers as well as their first mention in the text.

Does List of figures include images?

What is a List of Figures? A List of Figures is a complete list of all images and diagrams you reproduce in your written work. As with any other material, you must credit the source from which any images you use in your work originated.

How do you cite an image?

Include information in the following order:

  1. author (if available)
  2. year produced (if available)
  3. title of image (or a description)
  4. Format and any details (if applicable)
  5. name and place of the sponsor of the source.
  6. accessed day month year (the date you viewed/ downloaded the image)

Do figures need to be referenced?

Image, figure, table or diagram. You should provide an in-text citation for any photographs, images, tables, diagrams, graphs, figures or illustrations that you reproduce in your work. The citation would normally be given after the title of the figure, table, diagram, etc.

How do you reference a figure in text in Word?

Place the mouse cursor to where you want to insert the figure number. Click on “Insert” -> “Reference” -> “Cross-reference”. In the dialog box, select “Figure” as “Reference type”, then select “Only label and number”, pick “Figure 1 …”, click “Insert”. Now, we have Figure inserted in the text.

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How do you label figures?

Figures should be labeled with a number followed by a descriptive caption or title. Captions should be concise but comprehensive. They should describe the data shown, draw attention to important features contained within the figure, and may sometimes also include interpretations of the data.

Should figure be capitalized in text?

When referencing tables or figures in the text, write out table or figure, capitalized, and include the number. No capitalization is necessary if referring to tables or figures in general. Correct: (see Figure 1) Table 2 provides a comparison.

Should I include list of figures?

Should I include lists of my tables and figures in an APA paper? APA doesn’t require you to include a list of tables or a list of figures. However, it is advisable to do so if your text is long enough to feature a table of contents and it includes a lot of tables and/or figures.

Where do you put list of figures?

The List of illustrations will come after the Contents page (on a separate page) and before the Introduction. This page should list the name of each figure of illustration that is included in the body of your dissertation or thesis and then give the number of the page that it appears on.

Where do you put figures in a research paper?

The placement of figures and tables should be at the center of the page. It should be properly referenced and ordered in the number that it appears in the text. In addition, tables should be set apart from the text. Text wrapping should not be used.

Where Should figures be placed in a manuscript?

When submitting a manuscript, many journals request that figures and tables be placed at the end of the text.

How do you make a list of figures in a research paper?

List each new figure caption on a new line and capitalise the start of each word. Write the figure number on the left, then caption label and finally the page number the figure corresponds to on the right-hand side. Apply the same formatting principle to the List of Tables in your thesis of dissertation.

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How do you prepare the figures and tables in a manuscript for submission?

Ensure that the tables and figures in your research manuscript are self-explanatory and can be understood independent of text. 2. Do not repeat the contents of your tables and figures within the text. Instead, use the text to focus on the significance or key points of your tables and figures.

How do you format a scientific figure?

Figure legends should be double-spaced in numerical order. A short figure title should be given as the first line of the legend. No single legend should be longer than 200 words. Nomenclature, abbreviations, symbols, and units used in a figure should match those used in the text.

How do you write a figure legend in a table?

Figure and Table Legends

  1. Place captions above the table and align to the left (typically). …
  2. Do not forget to end the name of the figure with a period. …
  3. Place captions below the figure. …
  4. Use titles for both figures and graphs in oral presentation slides and posters.

Can you put figures in discussion?

In addition, most discussions should not include references to tables and figures that already were presented in the results section. It is acceptable, usually, to present a new figure in the discussion only if it describes a hypothesized pathway or other complex idea that you’re introducing based on your findings.

How do you write results and discussion examples?


  1. Don’t repeat results.
  2. Order simple to complex (building to conclusion); or may state conclusion first.
  3. Conclusion should be consistent with study objectives/research question. …
  4. Emphasize what is new, different, or important about your results.
  5. Consider alternative explanations for the results.
  6. Limit speculation.

What should be included in the discussion section?

The discussion chapter is where you delve into the meaning, importance and relevance of your results. It should focus on explaining and evaluating what you found, showing how it relates to your literature review and research questions, and making an argument in support of your overall conclusion.

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Can you include tables in discussion section?

To avoid these problems, you can use an organized structure, such as outlines, points or subheadings, to write the results and discussion section. For the results, figures and tables must be clear so the readers understand the message (Hofmann, 2013).

How do you combine results and discussions?

Some journals some universities some researchers clearly like to combine results and discussion together into one section in the final research paper or in the dissertation.

How do you write a results section example?

The Results section: goals and structure

The Results section should simply state your findings without bias or interpretation. For example, in your analysis, you may have noticed a significant correlation between two variables never described before. It is correct to explain this in the Results section.

How do you write a good results section?

Key Aspects for Your Research Results Section

Make sure you include details about your data analysis and interpretation, as well as statistical significance tests. Report the statistical insignificant research findings for your academic article’s credibility. Use the past tense when describing to your research results.

How do you write findings?

The opening paragraph of a findings section often restates research questions or aims to refocus the reader’s attention, and it is always wise to summarise key findings at the end of the section, providing a smooth intellectual transition to the interpretation and discussion that follows in most research papers.

How do you write results in a scientific report?

Present the results of the paper, in logical order, using tables and graphs as necessary. Explain the results and show how they help to answer the research questions posed in the Introduction. Evidence does not explain itself; the results must be presented and then explained.