How to reference a figure from text in a technical document?

Asked by: Ryan Newport

How do you reference a figure in a technical report?

Number all Tables and Figures in the order they first appear in the text. Refer to them in the text by their number.
Figures reproduced in your text

  1. Each figure should be displayed with a brief explanatory title. …
  2. You must include a caption beneath the figure.

How do you reference a figure in text?

When citing a table or a figure in text, refer to it by its number, such as “Table 3” or “Figure 2.” Do not refer to it by its position relative to the text (e.g., “the figure below”) or its page number (e.g., “the table on page 12”); these will change when your paper is typeset, assuming you are writing a draft …

How do you write references in technical writing?

How to Set up the Sources List

  1. Author name, last name first. …
  2. Next, the title of the page.
  3. After that the publication date of the web page, if available; otherwise, use the “N.d” indicator.
  4. Next, the full URL of the page.
  5. And finally an indication of the date you accessed the page, for example, Accessed June 6, 1988.

How do you cite a source in a technical paper?

Referencing elements to cite:

  1. [#] Reference number (matching the in-text citation number)
  2. Author’s first initial. …
  3. Title of the Report, in double quotation marks. …
  4. Publisher, i.e. the abbreviated name of company or institution that published the report.
  5. Place of publication. …
  6. Report number and volume and/or issue number.

How do you reference a figure in IEEE?

How to Cite Images using IEEE. A reference for a figure appears as a caption underneath the figure that you copied or adapted for your paper. Begin the caption with the word “Figure”, a number, and a title. Follow this with “Source” and the citation number in brackets.

How do you cite a figure you created?

You don’t cite your own figures, tables, equations, or drawings if the current work is their first appearance. (You would then cite them in later works if the situation were to arise.) Show activity on this post. There is no citation needed if it is something you created yourself.

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How do you describe a figure in a report?

Figure captions

Figures should be labeled with a number followed by a descriptive caption or title. Captions should be concise but comprehensive. They should describe the data shown, draw attention to important features contained within the figure, and may sometimes also include interpretations of the data.

How do you Harvard reference a picture in text?

Reference: Photographer/Creator Last name, Initial(s). (Year) Title of image/photograph [Photograph/Image]. Place of publication: Publisher. Example: O’Meara, S.

What is textual reference?

Sometimes you may want to comment on lines from different parts of a poem. Rather than try to link two quotations, you can make a textual reference instead. This means summarising what the lines say and adding your comment.

What is technical referencing?

A technical reference is an individual who works in the applied science and engineering fields – such as a technican, technologist, engineer, architect, your supervisor or other relevant practitioner – who is able to validate from first-hand knowledge and professional experience your claims for competency.

How do you in-text cite a technical report in APA?

To cite a report in a reference entry, include the author, year, title of the report, the report number (if there is one), and the publisher. In-text citations would follow the typical format of including the author (or authoring organization) and year of publication.

How do you cite a source within a report?

To reference a report with an individual author, include the author’s name and initials, the report title (italicized), the report number, the organization that published it, and the URL (if accessed online, e.g. as a PDF). Note that brochures are cited in a similar format.

How do you cite a reference example?

For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list. APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).

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What is the difference between citation and reference?

Citation is a way of disclosing within the main body, that the quote, image, chart, statistics, etc. are taken from an outside source. Reference is a list which contains all the sources which have been sought or cited while writing the article or assignment.

How do you in-text cite a lab report?

In-text citations should be placed in the sentence immediately upon the first instance that the source is used, and indicate specifically where information was obtained– Author and year for an article; Author, year and page number for books; and Author and Lab number for BIOL 22L protocols.

How do you cite an image in a lab report?

Include information in the following order:

  1. author (if available)
  2. year produced (if available)
  3. title of image (or a description)
  4. Format and any details (if applicable)
  5. name and place of the sponsor of the source.
  6. accessed day month year (the date you viewed/ downloaded the image)

How do you reference equipment in a lab report?

The citation and reference use the manufacturer as author, and year of introduction of the product. Indicate in square brackets after the model’s name whether [Apparatus] or [Apparatus and software] if there is accompanying software required to use it.

How do you cite a lab manual in a lab report?

Lab Manual

Editor, or professor. Year. Title of lab manual [lab manual]. Place of Publication: Publisher.

What is reference apparatus?

A collective term (sometimes given in Latin as apparatus criticus) for the textual notes, glossary, lists of variant readings, appendices, introductory explanations and other aids to the study of a text, provided in scholarly editions of literary works or historical documents.

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How do you write materials and methods in a lab report?

How to write a lab report Methods section

  1. The methods section should be in past tense.
  2. Do not list supplies used for the experiment as in a recipe.
  3. Do not use narrative style writing, for example: On Tuesday we put five seeds into six Petri dishes. …
  4. A methods section should include a description of the.

How do you write a methodology sample?

How to write a methodology

  1. Restate your thesis or research problem. …
  2. Explain the approach you chose. …
  3. Explain any uncommon methodology you use. …
  4. Describe how you collected the data you used. …
  5. Explain the methods you used to analyze the data you collected. …
  6. Evaluate and justify the methodological choices you made.

How do you write a method in a scientific report?

Therefore, the methods section structure should: describe the materials used in the study, explain how the materials were prepared for the study, describe the research protocol, explain how measurements were made and what calculations were performed, and state which statistical tests were done to analyze the data.

What is methodology in lab report?


The method section of a report details how the research was conducted, the research methods used and the reasons for choosing those methods. It should outline: the participants and research methods used, e.g. surveys/questionnaire, interviews.

What are the 7 parts of a lab report?

A lab report is broken down into eight sections: title, abstract, introduction, methods and materials, results, discussion, conclusion, and references. The title of the lab report should be descriptive of the experiment and reflect what the experiment analyzed.

Can you use first person in a lab report?

Write in the third person – Scientific experiments demonstrate facts that do not depend on the observer, therefore, reports should avoid using the first and second person (I,me,my,we,our, OR us.) Using the correct verb tense – Lab reports and research papers should be mainly written in the present tense.