Knowing When To Cite?

Asked by: Mimi Powell

ALWAYS CITE, in the following cases:

  1. When you quote two or more words verbatim, or even one word if it is used in a way that is unique to the source. …
  2. When you introduce facts that you have found in a source. …
  3. When you paraphrase or summarize ideas, interpretations, or conclusions that you find in a source.

When should you not cite?

Common knowledge does not need to be cited. Common knowledge includes facts that are known by a lot of people and can be found in many sources. For example, you do not need to cite the following: Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States.

Why is it important to cite?

It’s important to cite sources you used in your research for several reasons: To show your reader you’ve done proper research by listing sources you used to get your information. To be a responsible scholar by giving credit to other researchers and acknowledging their ideas.

Do I need to cite every time?

You need to cite every time you’ve used words, ideas, or images from a source. If it didn’t come from your own head, show where it did come from. And you need to place the citation with the source material either in the sentence itself or in parenthesis at the end of it.

How do you tell if something needs citation or whether it’s common knowledge?

If your reader might be surprised by your statement, question its accuracy, or contest it with other data, it isn’t common knowledge, and you should provide a citation. If it’s a foundational fact that everyone in the field agrees on, it’s probably common knowledge.

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What are things that need to be cited?

Information that always must be cited—whether web-based or print-based—includes:

  • Quotations, opinions, and predictions, whether directly quoted or paraphrased.
  • Statistics derived by the original author.
  • Visuals in the original.
  • Another author’s theories.
  • Case studies.

What do you not need to cite?

You do NOT need to cite: your own words, ideas and original research.
What you don’t need to cite

  1. facts that are found in many sources (ex: Marie Antoinette was guillotined in 1793.)
  2. things that are easily observed (ex: Many people talk on cellphones while driving.)
  3. common sayings (ex: Every man has his price.)

Why is it important to cite the sources of information that you use in your research it is important because it?

Citations are important because: They help others find the information that you used. They help establish the credibility of your own research. They connect your work to the work of other scholars.

Why is citing sources important as a student?

As a student citing is important because it shows your reader (or professor) that you have invested time in learning what has already been learned and thought about the topic before offering your own perspective. It is the practice of giving credit to the sources that inform your work.

Why citation is important in academic writing?

The Reason You Need Proper Citations for Sources

The main reason you use citations in your school papers is to give credit to other people’s work. This avoids charges of plagiarism and separates your words and thoughts from the words of others.

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Can you plagiarize common knowledge?

To plagiarize means to include, in your paper or presentation, any information or specific language from an outside source (that is, neither common knowledge nor your own personal knowledge) while failing to document (give credit to) that source.

Do I have to cite facts?

When a fact is generally accepted or easily observable, you do not need a citation. For example, “smoking may be bad for your health” or “most people use cell phones” are both generally accepted and easily observable. Be careful, however; if you venture into more specific knowledge, you should cite a source.

Do you need to cite when paraphrasing?

It is useful to paraphrase when your reader needs to understand or be exposed to the argument of another author in order to understand your argument. Paraphrasing ALWAYS requires a citation. Even if you are using your own words, the idea still belongs to someone else.

How do you not plagiarize when paraphrasing?

What strategies can I use to paraphrase?

  1. Use synonyms for all words that are not generic. …
  2. Change the structure of the sentence.
  3. Change the voice from active to passive and vice versa.
  4. Change clauses to phrases and vice versa.
  5. Change parts of speech.

What is an unacceptable paraphrase?

Examples of Unacceptable Paraphrases. Page 1. Examples of Unacceptable Paraphrases. If there are more than two words in a row that are identical to the text, you are copying, not summarizing. I would much rather see grammatically incorrect insights into the paper than a cut-and-paste “summary.”

How do you paraphrase correctly?

To paraphrase effectively, don’t just take the original sentence and swap out some of the words for synonyms. Instead, try: Reformulating the sentence (e.g., change active to passive, or start from a different point) Combining information from multiple sentences into one.

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What is improper citation?

Improper paraphrasing is a very common form of plagiarism. This occurs when one lifts a direct phrase from another work and changes just a few words – and then claims the work as wholly their own.

Is using a paraphrasing tool cheating?

Is using a paraphrasing tool cheating? Ideally, using paraphrasing tools is considered cheating because the content is not original and the tools do not give credit to the real author. It is cheating because you have not written the content yourself but used a computerized tool or bot to spin the content for you.

Can I get caught using QuillBot?

Not at all. Turnitin can’t detect QuillBot. This is because Turnitin’s algorithms don’t really detect paraphrasing. Instead, they find similar grammatical patterns, phrases, and sentence structures.

Is it illegal to paraphrase?

Sometimes you like the content of a paragraph or section of something you read, and want to paraphrase, or restate it in your own words for your paper. Although it is not illegal, paraphrasing in scholarly papers must be cited as a professional courtesy.