Manuscript format: Straight or curly quotation marks?

Asked by: Tyler Gabrielle

Some manuscript guidelines require straight quotes, some ask for curly quotes throughout. In general, short fiction tends to require straight quotes (particularly when submitted in the body of an email, or pasted into a web form) and novels tend to need curly quotes.

Should quotation marks be curly or straight?

You can always get curly quotes. Compared to straight quotes, curly quotes are more legible on the page and match the other characters better. Therefore, straight quotes should never, ever appear in your documents.

Should I use straight quotes or smart quotes?

“Smart quotes” are the ideal form of quotation marks and apostrophes, and are commonly curly or sloped. “Dumb quotes,” or straight quotes, are a vestigial constraint from typewriters when using one key for two different marks helped save space on a keyboard.

How do you format a quote in a manuscript?

How to Format Dialogue in a Story

  1. Use Quotation Marks to Indicate Spoken Word. …
  2. Dialogue Tags Stay Outside the Quotation Marks. …
  3. Use a Separate Sentence for Actions That Happen Before or After the Dialogue. …
  4. Use Single Quotes When Quoting Something Within the Dialogue. …
  5. Use a New Paragraph to Indicate a New Speaker.

Why are my quotation marks straight?

Straight quotation marks were introduced on typewriters to reduce the number of keys on the keyboard, and they were retained for computer keyboards and character sets.

What is the difference between the two types of quotation marks?

General Usage Rules



In America, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, the general rule is that double quotes are used to denote direct speech. Single quotes are used to enclose a quote within a quote, a quote within a headline, or a title within a quote.

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What are the two types of quotation marks?

The use of quotation marks, also called inverted commas, is very slightly complicated by the fact that there are two types: single quotes (` ‘) and double quotes (” “).

How do you use curly quotes?

For the curly single opening and closing quote mark (or apostrophe), use ‘ and ’ respectively. For the curly opening and closing double quotation marks, use “ and ” respectively.

How do I change straight quotes to curly quotes?


Options click on proofing autocorrect options auto format as you type and then under replace as you type make sure the straight quotes with smart quotes option is selected. If it is click on OK.

Why are there different quotation marks?

We use quotation marks with direct quotes, with titles of certain works, to imply alternate meanings, and to write words as words. Block quotations are not set off with quotation marks. The quoted text is capitalized if you’re quoting a complete sentence and not capitalized if you’re quoting a fragment.

What is the difference between straight quotes and curly quotes?

Curly quotes are often referred to as smart quotes. That’s because they curve toward the text you’re quoting. This is done automatically in most word processors. Straight quotes are what they sound like — straight, vertical marks without any indication of which word or phrase it’s surrounding.

What are curly quotes?

Curly quotes are the quotation marks used in good typography. There are four curly quote characters: the opening single quote ( ‘ ), the closing single quote ( ‘ ), the opening double quote ( “ ), and the closing double quote ( ” ).

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How do you do straight quotation marks?

Happening you go up to file here in the top left go down to options hit proofing autocorrect options and then auto format and bury it all the way down here under replace we have straight quotes with

Why are my quotation marks weird in Word?

This probably happens because Word uses language settings for a language that uses “chevrons” (double angle quotation marks) as quotation marks, such as French. By default, Word auto-corrects Ascii quotation marks (“) to language-specific marks, e.g. to “smart” curly quotes for English.

How do you insert curly quotes in Word?

You can simply insert the ALT code to insert the curly quotations. Long press the ALT key and then type the number.



Using the Alt Code.

Quotation Mark Particular Word Command
Opening Single Quote ALT 0145
Opening Double Quote ALT 0146
Closing Single Quote ALT 0147

What is a curly apostrophe?

Smart apostrophes, also known as curly or typographer’s apostrophes, are the professional-looking marks preferred by most publishers. In word processors you will probably get them by default, thanks to a feature called smart quotes. Smart apostrophes are the marks you’ll see in this paragraph and throughout this post.

Why are quotation marks Upside Down in word?

By default, Microsoft Word automatically formats quotation marks so that the marks curl inward on the quoted section of text. In most cases, this formatting won’t cause any problems, but when exporting text in some cases, the “smart” quote marks may not display correctly.

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