MLA: Indirect Citation without quote?

Asked by: Phil Pfaffe

To reference an indirect quotation:

  1. Include both the original author and the author of the work where quote/idea was found in the in-text reference with the abbreviation qtd. …
  2. In the reference list, provide the details of the author of the work in which you found the quotation or idea.

How do you cite something that is not a direct quote MLA?

Using In-text Citation



MLA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the page number from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken, for example: (Smith 163). If the source does not use page numbers, do not include a number in the parenthetical citation: (Smith).

Do indirect quotes need to be cited?

Both direct and indirect quotes use the information from the original; The direct quote also uses the exact words, while the indirect quote does not. Both direct and indirect quotes need to be cited in the text and listed in the Works Cited / References page.

How do you do in-text citations with no quote?

If you are referring to an idea from another work but NOT directly quoting the material, or making reference to an entire book, article or other work, you only have to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your in-text reference.

How do you cite indirectly?

Secondary Source (Indirect citation)

  1. Include both the original author, publication year, and the original (primary) author and year of the work where quote/idea was found in the in-text reference.
  2. Add “as cited in” before the author in the in-text reference.
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How do you cite an indirect source in MLA?

If you do use an indirect source in your paper, name the original source in your text and include the indirect source in your parenthetical citation. If what you quote or paraphrase from the indirect source is itself a quotation, put the abbreviation ‘qtd.

How do you cite a paraphrase in MLA format?

Paraphrasing. When you write information or ideas from a source in your own words, cite the source by adding an in-text citation at the end of the paraphrased portion, like this: ​This is a paraphrase (Smith 8). This is a paraphrase (“Trouble” 22).

What is the difference between direct citation and indirect citation?

Direct citation is quoting a source word for word, with no changes. Indirect citation is the same as paraphrasing, which is significantly changing the wording of a source. You should make sure that you change the wording significantly or you might be committing plagiarism.

What is indirect quote citation?

In writing, an “indirect quotation” is a paraphrase of someone else’s words: It “reports” on what a person said without using the exact words of the speaker. It’s also called “indirect discourse” and “indirect speech.” An indirect quotation (unlike a direct quotation) is not placed in quotation marks.

How do you use indirect quotes in a sentence?

Formatting Indirect Quotations



The good news is, you only need the basic punctuation you would use in any sentence with indirect quotations. You don’t have to worry about what goes inside or outside the quotation marks. For example: James made a good point about preparation being the key to success.

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How do you change direct quotes to indirect quotes?


So s is 1 divided by e. So get here 1 divided by 1.25. It will give you 0.8. So this means that. We will have 0.8 euro per 1 trillion dollar if i'd like to get 1 australian dollar.

Which best describes how frequently attribution should be used in direct and indirect quotations?

Which of the following best describes how frequently attribution should be used in direct and indirect quotations? One attribution for every direct quotation, no matter how long, and one attribution for every sentence of indirect quotation.

What does using indirect quotations allow a writer to do?

While direct quotations report an interviewee’s statement verbatim, indirect quotations enable you to convey the overall meaning of what has been said, while paraphrasing the exact language.