Punctuation before / after em dash and speech mark?

Asked by: Scott Welch

Rather than have its own unique usage, the em dash is typically used in place of several other punctuation marks: the comma, the colon, the semicolon, or the parentheses. In general, it is not considered to be grammatically correct or incorrect to use an em dash over any of the punctuation marks or vice versa.

Do you put a quotation mark after an em dash?

Finally, em dashes only go inside quotation marks for dialogue, to show that the speaker is abruptly cut off.

How do you punctuate after an em dash?

Depending on the context, the em dash can take the place of commas, parentheses, or colons⁠—in each case to slightly different effect. Notwithstanding its versatility, the em dash is best limited to two appearances per sentence. Otherwise, confusion rather than clarity is likely to result.

Do you put a comma before an em dash?

Swan’s PEU describes this. The em-dash does not take comma after it. That’s because, as you said it correctly, it replaces a comma so you don’t need to put it again. An em-dash may replace commas, semicolons, colons, and parentheses to indicate added emphasis, an interruption, or an abrupt change of thought.

Can you use an em dash before and?

Use Em Dashes to Set Off Parenthetical Information

Use one before the parenthetical information and one after it. Putting spaces before and after an em dash is a matter of preference; just be consistent.

How do you end a quote with an em dash?

Use a Pair of Em-dashes to Mark Off an Abrupt Break in a Sentence or One to Emphasize the Text at the End. Depending on the context, an em-dash—so named because its width matches a typesetter’s capital M—can take the place of a comma, parenthesis, or a colon in a sentence.

When should punctuation be outside of quotation marks?

Place a question mark or exclamation point within closing quotation marks if the punctuation applies to the quotation itself. Place the punctuation outside the closing quotation marks if the punctuation applies to the whole sentence.

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What is em dash example?

Use em dashes in place of commas or parentheses to create a break in a sentence. Examples: Please call my lawyer—Richard Smith—on Tuesday. This sentence could also be written with commas or parentheses.

How do I format an em dash?

In any software program that handles text, the em dash can be typed on an enhanced keyboard as Alt + 0151—that is, hold down the “alternate” key and, using the numerical pad on the right side of the keyboard, type the numbers 0151. The en dash can be typed as Alt + 0150.

How do you use dashes correctly?

Use dashes to mark the beginning and end of a series, which might otherwise get confused, with the rest of the sentence: Example: The three female characters—the wife, the nun, and the jockey—are the incarnation of excellence. Dashes are also used to mark the interruption of a sentence in dialogue: Example: “Help!

What is the difference between an em dash and a hyphen?

A hyphen (-) is a punctuation mark that’s used to join words or parts of words. It’s not interchangeable with other types of dashes. A dash is longer than a hyphen and is commonly used to indicate a range or a pause. The most common types of dashes are the en dash (–) and the em dash (—).

Can an em dash replace a semicolon?

An em dash is a punctuation mark that can be used to replace commas, parentheses, colons, and semicolons. In general, the em dash is seen as being more interruptive or striking than other punctuation, so it is often used stylistically to draw a reader’s attention to a particular bit of information.

How do you use a dash in the middle of a sentence?

Use dashes to set off an idea or an appositive within a sentence. A dash (—) is a punctuation mark used to set off an idea within a sentence and may be used alone or in pairs. Dashes interrupt a thought in a more dramatic way than a phrase enclosed in commas, but less theatrically than parentheses.

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How do you use a dash in academic writing?

Here’s the short version:

  1. Hyphens are punctuation marks used to link multiple words.
  2. Use a hyphen to join words together to avoid ambiguity.
  3. Use a hyphen when two or more words act as a single adjective before a noun.
  4. Hyphenate spelled-out numbers between 21 and 99 (twenty-one, ninety-nine).

What does ‘/’ mean in English?

forward slash

countable noun. A forward slash is the sloping line ‘/’ that separates letters, words, or numbers.

How do you use quotation marks?

We use quotation marks with direct quotes, with titles of certain works, to imply alternate meanings, and to write words as words. Block quotations are not set off with quotation marks. The quoted text is capitalized if you’re quoting a complete sentence and not capitalized if you’re quoting a fragment.

Do you always put a comma before a quote?

As a general rule, you should use a comma to introduce quoted material or dialogue. That’s because in most types of dialogue, the quoted material stands apart from the surrounding text. In grammatical terms, it’s “syntactically independent.”

How do you punctuate a sentence that ends with a quote?

Ending a Sentence With a Quote

Simply put, punctuation, like question marks and periods, that comes before the beginning of the quote goes outside of the quotation marks, and any punctuation that comes at the end of the quote stays inside the marks.

What is the difference between double and single quotation marks?

General Usage Rules

In America, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, the general rule is that double quotes are used to denote direct speech. Single quotes are used to enclose a quote within a quote, a quote within a headline, or a title within a quote.

What’s the difference between quotation marks and apostrophes?

But I bet you’re curious about how they’re different, why else would you be here? The main difference between the two is: Quotation marks are used to report speech. An apostrophe is used for making contractions and possession.

What is the purpose of a single quotation mark?

Single quotation marks are used to indicate quotations inside of other quotations. “Jessie said, ‘Goodbye,’” Ben said. This is Ben talking, so his words go in quotation marks. But because we’re quoting Ben quoting someone else, Jessie, we use single quotation marks to indicate the quote within the quote.

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What is the difference between single inverted comma and double inverted comma?

What is the term used for that? Single inverted commas are used for quotes and double inverted commas are used to highlight/emphasis a point of view in a writing or a speech.

Do I use speech marks or inverted commas?

Quotation marks (also known as quotes or inverted commas) are used to indicate direct speech and quotations. In academic writing, you need to use quotation marks when you quote a source. This includes quotes from published works and primary data such as interviews.

Do you put inverted commas before after full stop?

Originally Answered: Do we put full stop before the inverted commas or after them? A full stop is to complete a sentence. Inverted commas only highlights a salient point in the sentence. Full stop is invariably be used after Inverted commas for completing a sentence.

How do you use inverted commas with quotation marks?

Inverted Commas / Quotation Marks: Also known as speech marks or quotes, inverted commas could be a single or double mark-‘z’ or “z”. These are mainly used to mark a speaker’s speech or a quote by a famous personality. You must have seen these in newspapers, in the plays from your textbooks and in your poems.

What is the difference between quotation marks and speech marks?

Quotation marks—sometimes called ‘speech marks’, or more colloquially ‘quotes’—are used to indicate direct speech.

Why do writers use inverted commas?

Inverted commas are punctuation marks that are used in writing to show where speech or a quotation begins and ends. They are usually written or printed as ‘ ‘ or “ ”. Inverted commas are also sometimes used around the titles of books, plays, or songs, or around a word or phrase that is being discussed.