Referencing figures, tables, sections and chapters: When to capitalize and when to use lower case letters?

Asked by: Matthew Barr

When referencing a figure should it be capitalized?

When referencing tables or figures in the text, write out table or figure, capitalized, and include the number. No capitalization is necessary if referring to tables or figures in general. Correct: (see Figure 1) Table 2 provides a comparison.

Should section and chapter be capitalized?

Do not capitalize section when it is used for part of a law or set of regulations, but do capitalize it if it refers to a large subdivision of a report, book or other document: under section 23 of the Act. Volume 10, Section 5.

Do you capitalize chapters?

Capitalize “Chapter,” “Unit,” and “Exercise”



The title is written out (e.g., Chapter 1), and titles should be capitalized. However, even if the chapter has a name (e.g., Gerunds), we commonly keep the capitalization (e.g., Open your books to Chapter 1, Gerunds) because it still represents the title.

Should table be capitalized?

Capitalize the “t” in “table” and the “f” in “figure” when you refer to a specific table or figure created in your text. (Some journals do not follow this convention, but most do.) “Table 3 and 4” is incorrect because each table is a separate entity.

Should table and figures be capitalized?

The words table and figure are always capitalized in figure captions and table titles.

How do you reference tables and figures in text?

All figures and tables must be mentioned in the text (a “callout”) by their number. Do not refer to the table/figure using either “the table above” or “the figure below.” Assign table/figure # in the order as it appears, numbered consecutively, in your paper – not the figure # assigned to it in its original resource.

How do you reference figures in a document?

When citing a table or a figure in text, refer to it by its number, such as “Table 3” or “Figure 2.” Do not refer to it by its position relative to the text (e.g., “the figure below”) or its page number (e.g., “the table on page 12”); these will change when your paper is typeset, assuming you are writing a draft …

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How do you reference a table?

A reference within the text to a table, graph, diagram, etc. taken from a source should include the author, date and page number in brackets to enable the reader to identify the data. If you have already named the author in the text, only the publication year and page number needs to be mentioned in brackets.

Should table captions be capitalized?

All captions should start with a capitalized word and end with a period. They can be sentence case or title case, but be consistent throughout the thesis. If a figure or table spans more than one page, the first page has the complete caption while the subsequent pages have a caption like “Figure 3.

Do tables need captions?

Tables and figures must all be labelled with numbered captions that clearly identify and describe them. Figure captions are generally placed below the figures, while table captions must be placed above the tables.

Is a table considered a figure?

Tables are numerical values or text displayed in rows and columns. A Figure is any type of illustration (chart, graph,photograph, drawing maps …) other than a table.

How do you label tables and figures?

Tables should be labeled with a number preceding the table title; tables and figures are labeled independently of one another. Tables should also have lines demarcating different parts of the table (title, column headers, data, and footnotes if present). Gridlines or boxes should not be included in printed versions.

What is the difference between tables and figures in a research report?

Figures include drawings, illustrations, and photos, and tables are compilations of all the data in the form of rows and columns. This is a very general way of understanding the difference between them. In scientific reports, tables and figures are used extensively for better understanding and easier interpretation.

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What is the difference between table of content and table of figures?

TABLE OF CONTENTS – The part of a thesis where you find the list of the parts of document organized in the order in which the parts appear. TABLE OF FIGURES – A list of the captions for pictures, charts, graphs, slides, or other illustrations in a document, along with the numbers of the pages the captions appear on.

What comes first table of contents or table of figures?

The List of Figures is placed immediately after the List of Tables (or if you do not have a List of Tables directly after your Table of Contents.).

How do you use table of contents and table of figures?

To create a combined list of tables and figures

  1. After the table of contents, click where you want to insert the list.
  2. In the Insert menu, pull down to Index and Tables.
  3. Click Table of Figures.
  4. Check Include label and number, Show page numbers, Right align page numbers. …
  5. Click Options. …
  6. Click OK. …
  7. Click OK.


Which is correct table of content or table of contents?

Content is an uncountable noun. We use it when referring to the ideas or subject matter of something (e.g., the “content of a speech”). Contents is a plural countable noun. We use it for things in a container or for sections of a publication (e.g., book chapters in a “table of contents”).

What is difference between content and content?

People often confuse “content” and “contents“. These words are used differently in English. “Content” is the stuff you read, see or hear through some medium. “Content” means the words on a page, or the ideas in a book.

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How do you write a table of contents in research?

To write a table of contents, you first write the title or chapter names of your research paper in chronological order. Secondly, you write the subheadings or subtitles, if you have them in your paper. After that, you write the page numbers for the corresponding headings and subheadings.

What do you write in the table of contents?

To write a table of contents, open a new document and list the major headings, titles, or chapters of the project in chronological order. Next, insert subheadings or subtopics if your project has those. Fill in the page number where each heading starts, then format the content in a table with 2 columns.

How do you create a table of contents example?

And choose customize. The ribbon and make sure that references is selected. So here on the references tab the references ribbon here in the table of contents group you'll see table of contents.

What are the step by step if you want to create a table of contents?

Step 1: Open the new Word Document.

  1. Step 2: Write some content on it and Highlight the heading using Home -> Heading 1.
  2. Step 3: Once you make the Table heading, now go to References at the top of the screen and select Table of Contents.
  3. Step 4: A list of table content appears on the screen.