Should I be using commas to suggest/enforce cadence?

Asked by: Carol Waters

Do I need a comma in this sentence?

Common Comma Uses

The following are the different circumstances that require a comma be used. Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction that links two independent clauses. Use a comma after a dependent clause that starts a sentence. Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence.

When should a comma be used?

Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause. a. Common starter words for introductory clauses that should be followed by a comma include after, although, as, because, if, since, when, while. While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door.

How do you know if you’re using too many commas?

Comma misuse is a common occurrence. If a writer leaves out commas, then too much information in the sentence runs together, reducing clarity. If a writer puts in too many commas, then information that should be connected becomes separated, confusing the reader.

Are commas used for pauses?

Rule of thumb: a comma indicates a pause in speech.

If you pause at some place, insert a comma to mark the pause. Still, commas are more than simple pause-markers; they help the reader understand the structure of the sentence and resolve ambiguity.

What are the 8 rules for commas?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses)

  • Use a comma to separate independent clauses. …
  • Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase. …
  • Use a comma between all items in a series. …
  • Use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses. …
  • Use a comma to set off appositives. …
  • Use a comma to indicate direct address. …
  • Use commas to set off direct quotations.
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What are the examples of comma?

2. Examples of Comma Use

  • The pet store has cats, dogs, hamsters, fish, and turtles. Listing things.
  • I really wanted cereal this morning, but I didn’t have any milk. Connecting clauses.
  • Well, if you really want pancakes, I guess I can make them. Creating pauses.

What are the 5 Rules of commas?

Five Comma Rules

  • Use a comma after an introductory phrase or clause. …
  • Use commas before and after a parenthetical phrase or clause. …
  • Use a comma to separate two independent clauses linked by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor or, so, yet) …
  • Use a comma to separate items in a series.

What are the 3 comma rules?

Since I made such a stink about it, let’s start with this rule:

  • Use a comma between items in a series or list.
  • Use a comma between two independent clauses separated by a conjunction.
  • Use a comma between two adjectives preceding a noun.
  • Your Mission.

What are the 4 types of commas?

There are four types of comma: the listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma and bracketing commas.

Are Oxford commas grammatically correct?

Contrary to what most students believe, the Oxford comma isn’t grammatically correct. But that doesn’t mean it’s wrong to use it. Instead, it’s grammatically optional. As mentioned in the section above, whether or not you use the Oxford comma will depend on the style guide you follow.

Is Oxford comma necessary?

The Oxford comma has been around for centuries, but is entirely optional: the rules of punctuation do not demand its use. Technically it’s never wrong, but it may not always be necessary.

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What is a floating comma called?

This final comma, known as an Oxford or serial comma, is useful in a complex series of elements or phrases but is often considered unnecessary in a simple series such as in the example above. It usually comes down to a style choice by the writer.

What is a gapping comma?

The gapping comma is very easy. We use a gapping comma to show that one or more words have been left out when the missing words would simply repeat the words already used earlier in the same sentence.

What is a bracketing comma?

These are the most frequently used type of comma, and they cause more problems than the other types put together. The rule is this: a pair of bracketing commas is used to mark off a weak interruption of the sentence — that is, an interruption which does not disturb the smooth flow of the sentence.

What is a vocative comma?

A vocative comma is a punctuation mark used to indicate a direct address in the context of a larger sentence. When you speak directly to another person, you use the vocative case. The vocative comma isolates that vocative case from other phrases and independent clauses within a sentence.

Is it Hi John or Hi John?

Find out why. Technically, those e-mail messages you write should begin Hi, John—with a comma after Hi. You see, Hi, John is different from Dear John because hi and dear are not the same kind of word. Hi is an interjection just like wow and ugh, and dear is an adjective that modifies John.

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Do you put a comma after saying hello?

A Comma with “Hi” or “Hello”

When the salutation in your letter or email starts with “Hello” or “Hi,” then you should put a comma before the name of the person you’re addressing. It is also standard practice to put a comma after the name of the person you’re addressing.

Do you always put a comma before and?

Whether or not you put a comma before and depends on how you’re using and. There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list.