Should I cite a source that cites an older source?

Asked by: Jeremy Wong

Answer: Ideally, you should read the original or primary source that author S (your secondary source) has cited in his paper before you use it.

Can I cite an article that cites someone else?

Citing a source that you found in another source is known as using a secondary source. You should always try to read and cite the original work (the primary source). If it is not possible to do this, you have to cite the original as contained in the secondary source.

How do you cite a previously cited source?

Once a secondary source has been fully detailed in a footnote or an endnote, there is no need to repeat the entire note in a subsequent reference. Shorten it. In the case of a book, use the author’s last name and the book’s title, which may itself be shortened, followed by the relevant page number.

Can I cite an old source?

You cite whatever you need to cite, regardless of its age. Typically, if you’re referring to something that is decades old, it’s now either common knowledge (e.g., Newton’s laws) so probably doesn’t need citation at all, or it’s in textbooks (which are probably more appropriate to cite than the original source).

Is it OK to cite a secondary source?

Citing a source within a source (citing a secondary source) is generally acceptable within academic writing as long as these citations are kept to a minimum. You should use a secondary source only if you are unable to find or retrieve the original source of information.

How do you cite a quote that is already quoted?

If an original source is unavailable, and “quoted in” must be resorted to, mention the original author and date in the text, and cite the secondary source in the reference list entry. The in-text citation would include the words “quoted in” (see Section 15.56: “Quoted in” in author-date references).

How do you cite someone citing someone else?

When making reference to the spoken words of someone other than the author recorded in a text, cite the name of the person and the name of the author, date and page reference of the work in which the quote or reference appears.

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Can you cite the same source twice?

According to the APA 7th edition, on page 254, “it is considered overcitation to repeat the same citation in every sentence when the source and topic have not changed.” So generally, as long as the reader can tell which source you are drawing on or responding to, you don’t need to keep adding citations.

How do you reference something that is already referenced Harvard?

Citing something that someone else has cited:

  1. Format – in-text citation. Author of the quote (Year, cited in Author of resource you have seen, year, page no.)
  2. In-text citation: Include the author and year of both texts, and the page of the citation you are quoting from. …
  3. Reference List.

How many times should I cite the same source?

Appropriate level of citation

Instead, when paraphrasing a key point in more than one sentence within a paragraph, cite the source in the first sentence in which it is relevant and do not repeat the citation in subsequent sentences as long as the source remains clear and unchanged.

How do you cite an article that cites someone else in APA?

Include both the original author, publication year, and the original (primary) author and year of the work where quote/idea was found in the in-text reference. Add “as cited in” before the author in the in-text reference. For example, (Smith, 2015, as cited in Jonson, 2019).

How do you cite something that is already cited MLA?

To cite a source from a secondary source, mention both the original and secondary sources in the text, and list only the secondary source in the works-cited list entry. MLA requires you to use the abbreviation qtd. in (“quoted in”) before the indirect source you cite in your parenthetical reference.

How do you cite a secondary source in APA?

To cite a secondary source:

  1. Provide a reference list entry for the secondary source you are citing.
  2. In the text, identify the primary source and then write “as cited in” the secondary source that you used.
  3. If the year of publication is known for the primary source, also include it in the text.
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What is indirect citation?

An indirect citation or secondary source is when the ideas of one author are published in another author’s text but you have not read or accessed the original author’s work.

What are secondary sources?

Secondary sources are works that analyze, assess or interpret an historical event, era, or phenomenon, generally utilizing primary sources to do so. Secondary sources often offer a review or a critique. Secondary sources can include books, journal articles, speeches, reviews, research reports, and more.

What is a difference between a primary and secondary source?

Primary sources can be described as those sources that are closest to the origin of the information. They contain raw information and thus, must be interpreted by researchers. Secondary sources are closely related to primary sources and often interpret them.

Why are secondary sources unreliable?

Disadvantages of Secondary Sources

Their experiences and biases will color how the information is presented. Two different authors can interpret the same piece of original material in two wildly different ways. As such, secondary sources are unreliable as primary points of evidence.

How do you know if something is a primary source?

Primary Sources are immediate, first-hand accounts of a topic, from people who had a direct connection with it. Primary sources can include: Texts of laws and other original documents. Newspaper reports, by reporters who witnessed an event or who quote people who did.

How do you know if it’s a secondary source?

For a historical research project, secondary sources are generally scholarly books and articles. A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event. Secondary sources may contain pictures, quotes or graphics of primary sources.

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When can a secondary source become a primary source?

A secondary source can become a primary source depending on your research question. If the person, context, or technique that produced the source is the main focus of your research, it becomes a primary source.

How do you identify a secondary source?

Secondary Sources

  1. Bibliographies.
  2. Biographical works.
  3. Reference books, including dictionaries, encyclopedias, and atlases.
  4. Articles from magazines, journals, and newspapers after the event.
  5. Literature reviews and review articles (e.g., movie reviews, book reviews)
  6. History books and other popular or scholarly books.

How do you tell if a source is primary or secondary or tertiary?

What does primary vs. secondary vs. tertiary mean?

  1. Primary sources are created as close to the original event or phenomenon as it is possible to be. …
  2. Secondary sources are one step removed from that. …
  3. Tertiary sources are one further step removed from that.

Why is it important to know if certain sources are primary or secondary?

Most research uses both primary and secondary sources. They complement each other to help you build a convincing argument. Primary sources are more credible as evidence, but secondary sources show how your work relates to existing research.

What are 5 examples of secondary sources?

Examples of secondary sources are scholarly or popular books and journal articles, histories, criticisms, reviews, commentaries, encyclopedias, and textbooks.

What sources can be both primary and secondary?

Primary and secondary categories are often not fixed and depend on the study or research you are undertaking. For example, newspaper editorial/opinion pieces can be both primary and secondary. If exploring how an event affected people at a certain time, this type of source would be considered a primary source.

Which of the following is correct regarding secondary source of information?

Expert-verified answer

Secondary data may come from both published and unpublished sources. India’s ministries of the central and state governments publish a variety of statistics on a regular basis. Data is pretty credible because it is released by the government. This option is the correct answer.