Should I write out numbers or use the actual numbers (ordinals)?

Asked by: Marcus Shoecraft

The general rule governing APA style on the use of numbers is to use figures to express numbers 10 and above and words to express numbers below 10” (APA, 2001, p. 122). This general rule applies to cardinal numbers (whole counting numbers) and their ordinal counterparts (first through ninth) (128).

When to use a number Vs writing it out?

Numerals should be used for numbers 10 and above, but numbers nine and below should be spelled out. Spell out numbers at the beginning of a sentence. A number that begins a sentence should be spelled out rather than noted as a numeral, even if the number is below 10. Spell out common fractions or phrases with numbers.

Do I write out numbers or use digits?

General rules

  1. Spell out numbers that begin a sentence: …
  2. Spell out numbers used in a casual sense: …
  3. Use numerals for numbers 10 and greater and spell out numbers one through nine, with these exceptions: …
  4. A note on statistics on the NAU21 web theme: Please don’t use statistics outside of stats blocks.


Should ordinal numbers be spelled out?

Typically, in formal writing, you will want to write out numbers up to ten as words and use numerals for larger values. We use ordinal numbers to rank or order things (e.g., first, second, third). Most ordinal numbers are written as words in formal writing, but larger values can be written as numerals.

Do you spell out numbers in AP style?

Generally speaking, we follow the guidelines outlined in the AP Stylebook. In body copy, we prefer to spell out numbers one through nine, and use numerals for numbers 10 and greater. This is true of ordinal numbers, as well. Spell out first to ninth, and capture 10th or greater with numerals.

Do you spell out 10?

A simple rule for using numbers in writing is that small numbers ranging from one to ten (or one to nine, depending on the style guide) should generally be spelled out. Larger numbers (i.e., above ten) are written as numerals.

See also  Is anything like the propulsion systems (warp/impulse drives) copyrighted from being use in other sci-fi novels?

Do you write 12 or twelve?

The numbers of Kings and Queens should be written in Roman characters. Ordinal numbers up to twelfth should be written in words except in dates.



Cardinal numbers up to 12 should be written in words, except when telling the time.

  1. We need three chairs and one table.
  2. He has three sisters.
  3. The train leaves at 5 pm.


How do you spell 11?

Therefore 11 in words is written as Eleven.

What is the correct way to write a number?

The Chicago Manual of Style recommends spelling out the numbers zero through one hundred and using figures thereafter—except for whole numbers used in combination with hundred, thousand, hundred thousand, million, billion, and beyond (e.g., two hundred; twenty-eight thousand; three hundred thousand; one million).

Should you write out numbers in resume?

Should you include numbers in your resume? Putting numbers on a resume can show a hiring manager distinct accomplishments and contributions in your work history that apply to the position you’re applying for. The goal of using numbers is to prove how valuable you are and the impact you can make.

Do you spell out numbers in Chicago style?

Spell out whole/round numbers one through one hundred. For example, “thirty-two children from eleven families were packed into three vans”. Use numerals for other numbers, unless the number starts a sentence. Series of numbers: All numbers must be numeral.

How do you write your grade in AP style?

When the word grade is followed by a numeral, always capitalize grade and use a numeral for the grade number. When writing a grade in its ordinal form, use words for Grades 1–9 and numerals for Grades 10, 11, and 12.

Do you spell out thousand in AP style?

Spell out whole numbers up to (and including) one hundred when followed by hundred, thousand, hundred thousand, million, billion, and so on (e.g., eight hundred, 12,908, three hundred thousand, twenty-seven trillion). Alternative rule: Spell out whole numbers up to (and including) nine, and use numerals for the rest.

See also  Could I use the brand name 'Imodium' as a title for a short story?

Do you write 17 or seventeen?

It is generally best to write out numbers from zero to one hundred in nontechnical writing. In scientific and technical writing, the prevailing style is to write out numbers under ten. While there are exceptions to these rules, your predominant concern should be expressing numbers consistently.

How do you spell 17th?

next after the sixteenth; being the ordinal number for 17. being one of 17 equal parts.

How do you write numbers in Chicago style?

Chicago Manual of Style

  1. Spell out numbers zero through one hundred.
  2. Use numerals for numbers over one hundred.
  3. Spell out certain round numerals, specifically: whole numbers one through one hundred followed by hundred, thousand, or hundred thousand), except in monetary amounts or percents.


Do you spell out numbers under 10 Chicago?

According to CMS, you spell out numbers from zero to one hundred: zero, ten, twenty, thirty-five, one hundred.

Should numbers be spelled out in MLA?

MLA Style spells out numbers that can be written in one or two words (three, fifteen, seventy-six, one thousand, twelve billion) and to use numerals for other numbers (2¾; 584; 1,001; 25,000,000). APA Style, on the other hand, generally uses words for numbers below 10 and numerals for numbers 10 and above.

How do you write numbers in academic writing?

writing. You need to know and use the conventions for writing numbers correctly when you are writing and proofreading your work. For general academic writing, use words for: all numbers under 10 (e.g., nine) • rounded numbers (e.g., four hundred, two thousand, six million).

How do you write numbers in a report?

Numbers can be written either as words (e.g., one hundred) or numerals (e.g., 100). In this article we follow the guidelines of APA Style, one of the most common style guides used in academic writing. In general, words should be used for numbers from zero through nine, and numerals should be used from 10 onwards.

See also  How do you make your characters likable?

How do you write numbers in research?

In non-technical academic writing, write in words the number for approximate figures (including fractions) and for full, half and quarter hour times. ✓ Use digits (e.g. counted 3968 books on the shelves). rounded and large amounts (e.g. 98 dollars; $15 million). centigrade; 6 cm or 6 centimetres).

What are the rules of writing numbers in a thesis?

Numbers in Writing: 10 Simple Rules (Part 1)

  • Rule #1. Spell out numbers from one to nine for both ordinal (first, third, tenth, etc.) …
  • Rule #2. Spell out any number that begins a sentence. …
  • Rule #3. Use a combination of figures and words for numbers when such a combination will keep your writing clear. …
  • Rule #4. …
  • Rule #5.


Can you use numbers in an essay?

According to APA Style, you should normally use numerals for the numbers 10 and above. You should use words to express numbers below 10 (one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, and nine).

How do you write numbers in Harvard style?

Always spell out numbers at beginning of sentence, including years (CMS 9.5). Nineteen ninety-nine found me working for State Department. Format round hours with a colon and two zeros and set ante/post meridiem in small caps. Interstates and route numbers appear as numerals.

How are numbers written in British English?

Here’s how it works:



The guiding rules for general writing suggest you should almost always use full words for small numbers, from one to nine (i.e. not 1, 2, 3, to 9), and numerals for those over nine. As a rule of thumb, use written words if it can be expressed in two words or less.