Using one source, multiple times, and footnotes?

Asked by: Kristen Henderson

If you consecutively cite the same source two or more times in a note (complete or shortened), you may use the word “Ibid” instead. Ibid is short for the Latin ibidem, which means “in the same place”. If you’re referencing the same source but different page, follow ‘Ibid’ with a comma and the new page number(s).

How do you cite the same source multiple times?

How do I cite the same source many times?

  1. Use a shortened form of the citation. Let’s say you wrote a footnote (or endnote) for this book after you quoted from page 32: …
  2. Cite the page number in the text. …
  3. Use an abbreviation. …
  4. Use ibid.

Do you need to footnote the same source twice?

Yes, you can abbreviate the subsequent citations of the source. If the subsequent citation is in the footnote immediately following the full citation, you can use ‘ibid’. Used alone, ‘ibid’ means ‘in the very same place’ – in other words, the same source and the same page or paragraph as the preceding full citation.

Is it okay to use the same source multiple times?

For the same source used multiple times you only need to cite it again if you are using a quote or if it is unclear to your reader which source you are referring to. Often, you will see a source cited only once in a paragraph, even if other parts of the narrative are associated with that source.

How do you cite the same source multiple times footnotes in MLA?

Subsequent footnotes from the same item can be shortened to the author or author and title. Use the same rules for footnotes for online sources. Use a shortened form for the second footnote. Include the name of the database, the date you viewed it, and the URL.

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How do you use ibid in footnotes?

Use of ibid. “Ibid.” (the abbreviation for “ibidem”, meaning “in the same place”) refers to the work cited in the preceding footnote or to the preceding work within the same footnote. The term should not be used when the preceding footnote includes more than one source.

Do I need to cite a source twice?

Appropriate level of citation

Instead, when paraphrasing a key point in more than one sentence within a paragraph, cite the source in the first sentence in which it is relevant and do not repeat the citation in subsequent sentences as long as the source remains clear and unchanged.

How many times can you use ibid in a row?

You can use “ibid.” for consecutive citations of a source. This means citing the same source twice or more in succession. “Ibid.” is fine by itself for citing the same page twice in a row, but you should provide a page number if you’re citing a different part of the text.

Do you need to repeat citations?

Although it may not be necessary to repeat the full in-text citation for the paraphrase in each sentence, it is still necessary to begin subsequent paragraphs with a full in-text citation (APA, 2020, p. 270).

Do you use the same number in a footnote when you reuse a source MLA?

If citations are consistently placed in notes, then a repeated citation would require a new note. Note numbers are not reused in an essay in MLA style; instead, notes are numbered consecutively, as recommended by The Chicago Manual of Style (“Sequencing of Note Numbers”).

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How do I cite a source multiple times within the same paragraph MLA?

The MLA Style Center

If you continue to cite the same source in subsequent paragraphs and no other source intervenes, you do not need to identify the source again unless ambiguity would result.

What is an ibid reference?

“Shortened citations versus “ibid.” The abbreviation ibid. ( from ibidem, “in the same place”) usually refers to a single work cited in the note immediately preceding.

Is ibid still used in footnotes?

Short Form and Ibid.

The 17th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style discourages the use of ibid., which previously was used to refer the same source cited in the previous footnote. Instead of using ibid., a shortened form of the citation may be used.

How do you cite a footnote twice?

Inserting Duplicate Footnotes using Same Sequence Number.

  1. Insert the first footnote: On the Reference tab, in the Footnotes group, click Insert Footnote. …
  2. Enter the footnote text.
  3. Click insertion point in the body of the document where duplicate footnote number is to appear.