What constitutes a co-author credit?

Asked by: Darnell Stroinski

Co-Author: He/She is the one who collaborates with the lead author and makes significant contribution to the manuscript. A co-author also shares responsibility and accountability of the research outcome.

What qualifies as a co-author?

A co-author is any person who has made a significant contribution to a journal article. They also share responsibility and accountability for the results. If more than one author writes an article, you’ll choose one person to be the corresponding author.

Do co-authors get credit?

Some scholars have advocated that the author’s ranking in the article and specific contribution are given attention in evaluating research performance. Currently, the allocation of co-authors’ credit has no uniform standard. Therefore, allocating appropriate credit for each author in a co-authored paper is a challenge.

Does co-author mean second author?

By contrast, the definition of a co-author is somewhat context-dependent — it can either mean any one of the people who jointly authored a paper (including, potentially, even the first author), or it can mean one of the authors other than the first author, or (as apparently in this case) it can mean one of the authors …

What is the difference between author and co-author?

An author is a person who is involved in creating written content entirely on their own. Co-authors on the other hand are those who work in tandem with an author to help them write a piece of literary work.

Is co-author the first author?

Lead Author: He/She is also called as the first author and is the one who carries out the research as well as writes and edits the manuscript. Co-Author: He/She is the one who collaborates with the lead author and makes significant contribution to the manuscript.

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Are contributors considered authors?

The author of a work is the person who has been involved in all aspects of the creation of the work including research, design, analysis, and final presentation of the work. A contributor: is a person who may have provided purely technical help or writing assistance.

Do co authors get royalties?

Co-authors are not paid upfront. All parties are active authors of the book and get full credit and usually, two or more co-authors split any publisher advance money, royalty money, and/or merchandise money. Co-author partnerships also have a contract stating who gets what and how things are split.

Do co-writers get royalties?

Songwriters have to register each song with their PRO. For joint works, any royalty payments are distributed amongst all co-writers.

Is second last author important?

First and last positions have traditionally been top-ranked, with a margin to the rest (cf. Walker et al., 2010). It follows from the above ranking that the second position is also important. Second-to-last, however, is not.

Is it better to be 2nd author or last author?

Second author has more points in our place than the third or last author. These points also depend also on the number of authors. The higher the number of authors the less points they get when compared when there are few authors. Without first, second, third and so on, the paper will not appear like this.

Is it better to be first author or last author?

The first author should be that person who contributed most to the work, including writing of the manuscript. The sequence of authors should be determined by the relative overall contributions to the manuscript. It is common practice to have the senior author appear last, sometimes regardless of his or her contribution …

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Do second author papers matter?

It’s always good to have another paper, even if you are second author. A hiring or review committee may ask you to describe your own contribution to the paper. As long as you can do that honestly and point to some substantive contribution to the paper, it will be to your benefit.

Do second author publications count?

Even with middle-author publications on the rise, โ€œthey count for promotion, but they don’t count as much as first- and last-author publications,โ€ Jackson notes. โ€œJust like book chapters and review articles, they count, but not as much as original research articles.โ€

Who is more important first author or corresponding author?

However, the author who guides all authors in planning a research work and who may provide his/ her lab, lab facilities and other requirements is the Corresponding author. Corresponding author is the most important author in a research article.

How do you list co First authors?

Joint first authors can be indicated by the inclusion of the statement ‘X and X contributed equally to this paper’ in the contributorship statement.

Does co author order matter?

Yes, the author order is important. The author order is based on their contribution to the work.

Can you have three co-First authors?

Only one of the authors will appear as first author, in any publication. Every other entry is a secondary entry. However, corresponding authors could be as many as three depending on the multi-disciplinary nature of the article.

How do you designate a co senior author?


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In print, this reads as “These authors have contributed equally to this work” When submitting an equally co-authored paper, authors can indicate dual first or senior authorship with an # on the manuscript title page.

Can a paper have two first authors?

Shared co-first authorship is defined as two or more authors who have worked together on a publication and contributed equally [8]. This equal contribution is often indicated in the fine print of a published paper or in an investigator’s curriculum vitae [9].

Can there be two senior authors?

Yes it is possible! I did this recently, a submitted paper. Yeah. I have included 2 corresponding authors in my last paper.

Who Should Be Last author?

The last author is usually the group leader or PI who may have given significant intellectual inputs and supervised the work, but might not have actively conducted the experiments or written the manuscript. The last author is also often the corresponding author.